ALBUM of the MANNERHEIM LINE FORTIFICATIONS

 

Compiled by the Soviet Military intelligence in 1938 and issued to the Soviet Army High Command

 

 

Lauttaniemi and Noisniemi fortified points. Fortified point 116. Concrete machine-guns bunker for 4 machine-guns. Reinforced concrete ceiling 0.7 m thick. Size 25m x 15m. Able to withstand hits of 152-mm artillery rounds.

 

Foreward


This album was compiled by the Soviet military intelligence in 1938 and issued to the Soviet Army High Command. Kirill Meretzkov (Leningrad Military District Commander in 1939-40). “For example, we have the Album of enemy’s fortified positions and it was the most valuable source we used for the operational planning. I always kept it on my table, on the left side.” (Original was found in the Leningrad Military District archive).

 

Album of the Mannerheim Line fortifications. Cover. Military Intelligence Department.

 

General map of the Karelian Isthmus fortified positions.

Inkilä


Inkilä fortified points map.

 

Plan of the Inkilä-2 fortified point. 1). Loophole with the 2.4” – 3.9” thick armored shutters; 2) Entrances guards; 3) Ammunition rooms; 4) Living quarters; 5) Observation tower; 6) Entrances,

Inkilä-2 fortified point. Photo 1.

 

Inkilä-2 fortified point. Photo 2.

 

Inkilä-2 fortified point. Photo 3.

 

Inkilä-2 fortified point. Photo 4.

 

Inkilä-2 fortified point. Photo 5.

 

Inkilä-4 fortified point. Photo 1. Machine-gun caponier with two loopholes. Length 15 m, width 6 m, wall thickness 1 m, thickness of the roof 0.7 m. Building material - concrete, iron-concrete roof. Roof is able to withstand 122-mm shells.

 

Inkilä-4 fortified point. Photo 2.

 

Inkilä-4 fortified point. Photo 3.

 

Inkilä-4 fortified point. Photo 4.

 

Inkilä-4 fortified point. Photo 5.

 

Inkilä-5 fortified point. Photo 1. Machine-guns caponier for 4 machine guns. Length 20 m. Electrical lights on the roof, controlled from the inside. Able to withstand 210-mm shells.

 

Inkilä-5 fortified point. Photo 2.

 

Inkilä-5 fortified point. Photo 3.

Humaljoki and Kolkkala


Humaljoki and Kolkkala fortified points. Map.

Humaljoki and Kolkkala fortified points. Points 10, 16, 12. Machine-guns caponiers with one loophole.

Humaljoki and Kolkkala fortified points. Point 11. Machine-guns caponier with two loopholes.

Humaljoki and Kolkkala fortified points: 14, 21. Point 14: Reinforced building for troops and ammo. Can be used as a fortified point. Length 12 meters. Point 21; Machine-guns caponier with two loopholes.

 

Humaljoki and Kolkkala fortified points. Map, closeup 1.

 

Humaljoki and Kolkkala fortified point. Map, closeup 2.

Römpötti, Närjä, Kaipiala, Näykki, Kolmikesälä


Römpötti, Närjä, Kaipiala, Näykki, Kolmikesälä fortified points. Map.

Römpötti, Närjä, Kaipiala, Näykki, Kolmikesälä fortified points. Fortified point 22. Machine-gun fortified point with one loophole. Material: concrete. Able to withstand up to 152-mm artillery rounds.

Römpötti, Närjä, Kaipiala, Näykki, Kolmikesälä fortified points. Fortified point 23. Under-parapet bunker with ammo storages. Concrete walls and ceiling. Armored doors, observation slits and vent holes. Able to withstand up to 122-mm artillery rounds.

Römpötti, Närjä, Kaipiala, Näykki, Kolmikesälä fortified points. Fortified point 24. Concrete artillery gun position. Able to withstand up to 122-mm artillery rounds. Exact measurments are unknown.

 

Römpötti, Närjä, Kaipiala, Näykki, Kolmikesälä fortified points. Map closeup 2

Römpötti, Närjä, Kaipiala, Näykki, Kolmikesälä fortified points. Fortified point 25. Concrete machine-gun fortified point with one loophole. Measurements are unknown.

Römpötti, Närjä, Kaipiala, Näykki, Kolmikesälä fortified points. Fortified point 26. Concrete machine-gun fortified point with one loophole. Measurements are unknown.

Römpötti, Närjä, Kaipiala, Näykki, Kolmikesälä fortified points. Fortified point 27. Artillery gun position.

Römpötti, Närjä, Kaipiala, Näykki, Kolmikesälä fortified points. Fortified point 29. Concrete machine-gun fortified point with one loophole. Able to withstand up to 152-mm artillery rounds.

Römpötti, Närjä, Kaipiala, Näykki, Kolmikesälä fortified points. Fortified point 30. Concrete machine-gun fortified point with one loophole. Able to withstand up to 152-mm artillery rounds.

Römpötti, Närjä, Kaipiala, Näykki, Kolmikesälä fortified points. Fortified point 36, 37. Concrete machine-gun fortified points with one loophole. Able to withstand up to 152-mm artillery rounds.

Karhula, Summankylä, Leipäsuo


Karhula, Summankylä, Leipäsuo fortified points. Map.

 

Karhula fortified points. Map closeup.

 

Summankylä fortified points. Map closeup 1.

 

Leipäsuo fortified points. Map closeup 2.

Muolaa


Muolaa fortified points. Map.

 

Muolaa fortified points 89 and 91. Fortified point 89: Concrete machine-gun fortified points with one loophole. Concrete ceiling 1.5 thick. Able to withstand hits of 152-mm artillery rounds. Fortified points 91: concrete artillery gun position with one loophole. Able to withstand hits of 152-mm artillery rounds

 

Muolaa fortified points. Map closeup 1.

 

Muolaa fortified points. Map closeup 2.

Salmenkaita


Salmenkaita fortified points. Map.

Salmenkaita fortified points. Point 92. Concrete platoon fortified position. Length 8 m, parapet hight 0.7 m. Protected by armor plate 1 inch thick. Able to withstand hits of 122-mm artillery rounds

Salmenkaita fortified points. Point 93. Concrete machine-gun fortified points with one loophole. Concrete ceiling 1 m thick. Able to withstand hits of 152-mm artillery rounds.

Salmenkaita fortified points. Point 94. Artillery gun position.

 

Salmenkaita fortified points. Map.

Salmenkaita fortified points. Fortified point 95. Concrete machine-gun fortified point with one loophole. Concrete ceiling 1 m thick. Able to withstand hits of 152-mm artillery rounds.

Salmenkaita fortified points. Fortified point 97. Buner for platoon with trench. Able to withstand hits of 152-mm artillery rounds.

Salmenkaita fortified points. Fortified point 97. Concrete machine-gun bunker. Able to withstand hits of 152-mm artillery rounds.

Salmenkaita fortified points. Fortified point 98. Concrete machine-gun fortified point with one loophole. Concrete ceiling 1 m thick. Able to withstand hits of 152-mm artillery rounds.

Salmenkaita fortified points. Fortified point 99. Concrete machine-gun fortified point with one loophole. Concrete ceiling 1 m thick. Able to withstand hits of 152-mm artillery rounds.

Salmenkaita fortified points. Fortified point 100. Machine-gun fortified point with one loophole. Able to withstand hits of 152-mm artillery rounds.

Salmenkaita fortified points. Fortified point 101. Machine-gun fortified point with one loophole. Able to withstand hits of 152-mm artillery rounds.

Salmenkaita fortified points. Fortified point 103. Concrete bunker for the infantry. Length 15 meters. Able to withstand hits of 152-mm artillery rounds.

Salmenkaita fortified points. Fortified point 104. Machine-gun fortified point with one loophole. Able to withstand hits of 152-mm artillery rounds.

Lauttaniemi and Noisniemi


Lauttaniemi and Noisniemi fortified points. Map.

 

Lauttaniemi and Noisniemi fortified points. Fortified point 110. Machine-guns bunker for 4 machine-guns. Length 25 m, width 15 m, height 5 m, Concrete ceiling 1 m thick. Has entilation equipment. Loopholes are protected by iron shutters. Able to withstand hits of 152-mm artillery rounds.

 

Lauttaniemi and Noisniemi fortified points. Fortified point 110. Views from the west and east.

 

Lauttaniemi and Noisniemi fortified points map closeup.

Lauttaniemi and Noisniemi fortified points. Fortified points 108 and 109. Point 108: Machine-guns bunker with a loophole. Length 2.3 m, width 2.5 m, height 0.5 m., walls thickness: 0.8 m, ceiling 1.2 m thick. Able to withstand hits of 152-mm artillery rounds. Point 109: Machine-guns bunker with a loophole. Ceiling 1 m thick. Able to withstand hits of 152-mm artillery rounds.

 

Lauttaniemi and Noisniemi fortified points. Fortified point 112. Fortified arillery position from concrete. No data about walls and ceiling thickness.

Lauttaniemi and Noisniemi fortified points. Fortified point 116. Concrete machine-guns bunker for 4 machine-guns. Reinforced concrete ceiling 0.7 m thick. Size 25m x 15m. Able to withstand hits of 152-mm artillery rounds. Photo 1.

Lauttaniemi and Noisniemi fortified points. Fortified point 116. Photo 2.

Lauttaniemi and Noisniemi fortified points. Fortified points 116. Photo 3.

Lauttaniemi and Noisniemi fortified points. Fortified points 116. Photo 4.

Kiviniemi


Kiviniemi fortified points. Map.

Sakkola and Kelja


Sakkola and Kelja fortified points. Map.

Sakkola and Kelja fortified points. Concrete machine-gun fortified point 131. No data on walls and ceiling thickness.

Taipale


Taipale fortified points. Map.

 

Taipale fortified point. Map closeup.

Ylä-Säiniö and Ala-Säiniö


Ylä-Säiniö and Ala-Säiniö fortified points. Map.

 

Ylä-Säiniö and Ala-Säiniö fortified points. Map closeup.

Myola


Myola fortified point. (Found as not existing) Map.

 

Myola fortified point (found as not existing). Map closeup 1.

 

Myola fortified point (found as not existing). Map closeup 2.

Lipola


Lipola fortified points. Map.

 

Lipola fortified points. Map closeup 1.

 

Lipola fortified points. Map closeup 2.

Rautu


Rautu fortified points. Map.

 

Rautu fortified points. Map closeup.

Lintula


Lintula fortified points. Map.

 

Lintula fortified points. Map closeup.